Pregnant women can still have healthy sex during pregnancy. Sex and pregnancy at the same time will not affect both the mother and the baby if you do it safely.
For the basic knowledge of sex and pregnancy, the fetus is in the uterus, surrounded by amniotic fluid and amniotic membranes. The husband's penis cannot reach the embryo, and the semen cannot enter the uterus with a mucus plug in the cervical, which helps to limit the penetration of bacteria.
Therefore, the fetus cannot be affected by gentle sexual activities. However, if you are in a situation where you are prone to premature birth, miscarriage, or a warning from your doctor, you must avoid having sex during pregnancy.
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Sex and Pregnancy
Over the course of your pregnancy, your body and mind will undergo a major transformation. One way to truly experience, celebrate and embrace these wonderful changes is through intimacy. Sex should not be a problem during your pregnancy, unless:
- You are bleeding
- Your physician has told you to abstain from sexual intercourse
- You have been diagnosed with placenta previa
- You are at risk for premature birth or labor
- You have a male partner with an active sexually transmitted disease, like herpes
- Your water has broken
While sex is safe for most women and even encouraged during pregnancy, it is different than before and it changes as your pregnancy progresses. During your first trimester, you may find that you and your partner are more interested in sex than usual. No longer having the pressure to conceive, or not having to think about birth control can be very liberating, and some women find that their private thoughts and fantasies are often sexual in nature.
In your first trimester, fluctuations in hormone levels can enhance your interest and your excitement in sex, and some women find that orgasms linger longer during this first trimester, causing a sort of tension in your vagina and clitoris. But as your breasts change and grow, you may find stimulation either particularly enjoyable or quite painful, and any morning sickness you suffer may kill your desire.
If you suffered from morning sickness in your first trimester and are finally feeling better in your second, you may find that sex and intimacy are more interesting and enjoyable than ever as you reach your fourth month. This is especially true because your vagina is more lubricated than usual and your clitoris and vagina are more sensitive. You may even find it easier to have an orgasm, or even multiple orgasms. But your partner may struggle with a fear of hurting the baby, particularly when the baby begins to move and kick and he is able to feel the little person growing inside of you.
Actually, your baby is suspended in the amniotic sac and protected from the outside world, including the rest of you. Your uterus is completely sealed off from your vagina by a mucous plug, so your baby will not be at all bothered. Your baby shouldn't contract any infections from sexual intercourse either, so long as both you and your partner practice good sexual hygiene and have no active sexually transmitted diseases.
By the time you've reached your third trimester, your pregnant body is dramatically different from your pre-pregnancy shape. Some women glory in their body's new curves and fullness, but others don't feel quite comfortable with it. How you perceive your body can have a big impact on how much you crave and enjoy sex in these months. Any back pain and a decreased energy level can also dampen your sex drive. However, most men go nuts about their partner's pregnant body and love its exaggerated femininity, and many couples enjoy experimenting with new positions as your belly grows and gets in the way. Popular options include spooning with your partner behind you, on your hands and knees, you on top, or lying on your side with one knee pulled up.
As your due date nears, and if your baby's head has moved deep within your pelvis, you may experience a bit of pain or spotting during sex. This is nothing to worry about and easy to avoid with shallow penetration or rear entry.
You may notice that after sex you're not satisfied or relieved of sexual tension, even though you reached orgasm. This is because of the constant engorgement of your vagina and clitoris, which make it easier for you to reach orgasm, but harder to reach a feeling of satisfaction. During an orgasm, you may notice that your uterus goes into spasms, and closer to your due date, you may feel contractions for about half an hour after sex. There's no need to worry about causing pre-term labor. Until your cervix is ready, you won't go into labor. Sex has been credited, however, with jump-starting labor once your body is ready, and it's thought that some women are especially sensitive to the prostagladins in semen, which can also cause the uterus to contract.
Most obstetricians advise their patients to wait until six weeks after delivery to resume sexual intercourse. This allows your genital tissues to heal completely from the rigors of delivery and avoids infection during the healing process. But if you don't have any tears, manual or oral stimulation of the clitoris is fine anytime after birth. But some women just aren't interested. They find that their sex drive is in neutral, either because they are just too tired and overwhelmed by new motherhood, the healing process is not yet complete, or because they fear pain, especially if their genital tissues experienced trauma during labor or delivery. The best way to overcome the fear of pain is to take control and gently guide your partner through sex.
Breastfeeding has also been known to dampen sexual desire. It affects your hormone levels, so if you find that your period is slow to return, you may also find that your libido is slow to resurface. Some couples find breast leakage during sex awkward, and some women find that all the breastfeeding they are doing satisfies their need for touch and intimacy, and they aren't much interested in sex. Of course, the exhaustion associated with being a new parent can also kill your sex drive. Caring for a new baby claims so much of the time and energy you used to have for being together as a couple, sexually and romantically. But, take heart! Soon, you'll have the energy and the interest, and many couples find that sex after birth is better than ever before.
Sex During Pregnancy
Sex is what got you here…pregnant; however, there is a tendency for both expectant mothers and fathers to cut back on sex once they've achieved pregnancy (especially if getting pregnant has been a challenge instead of a surprise). But take a good look at yourself; what could be sexier? You can bet your partner will agree, so now's a good time to take advantage of hassle-free, fun sex. You certainly don't have to worry about birth control, and in spite of your increasing size, it will be easier to have sex now, before your little one arrives. Just ask anyone who has already had their first baby! And sex is perfectly safe during most pregnancies. With a normal pregnancy, you can keep doing it right up until your water breaks. Make sure to check with your doctor or midwife first if you're having any problems, such as placenta previa or bleeding, or if you have a history of miscarriage.
Some women report that sex during pregnancy is the best they've ever had while others admit that it's not what it once was. The heightened pleasure is usually attributed to increased blood flow to the pelvic area, also known as engorgement of the genitals. If you find that sex has become particularly enjoyable during pregnancy it may be because you finally feel free from worries about conception and contraception, and are feeling sexier than ever. But if you find yourself on the other end of the spectrum and sex is not as appealing, this can be due to several factors. The same engorgement that can push some women over the threshold of ecstasy can give other women an uncomfortable feeling of fullness after having sex and some women may feel abdominal cramping during or after sex. It may just be that you're tired or too nauseated to have sex or even care about it, especially in the first trimester. Things should pick up once you're past the first trimester and the second trimester is often marked by a resurging libido.
Your libido may wane again in the third trimester, as impending labor and delivery - and your belly - loom large. By this point, some women just simply feel unattractive. Ironically, your partner's sex drive may actually increase as your pregnancy progresses, as he's drawn to your more curvaceous and feminine body. But some partners do experience a decreased libido if he's overly concerned for your health and that of your baby, or if he's apprehensive about becoming a father, that he'll hurt the baby, or if he's feeling self-conscious about making love in the presence of the unborn child.
Here are the most common myths about having sex during pregnancy:
Myth #1 - Sex will hurt the baby
Sex is not harmful for your baby. In fact, in most cases, the motion of having sex will rock your little one off to sleep. The thick mucus plug that seals the cervix will prevent your partner's penis from ever coming into contact with the baby and helps guard against infection, while the amniotic sac and strong uterine muscles also protect your baby. You may notice that your baby is very active after your orgasm and this is because of your pounding heart, not because your baby knows what is happening or feels pain.
Myth #2 - My belly will be in the way and I'll never be comfortable
Playing with alternative positions (you on top, sitting in your partner's lap, or a side-by-side spoon position) may be just the thing to send you over the top during love making. As the old saying goes, "Where there's a will, there's a way." With a little experimenting, you and your partner are sure to find a position and technique that works for both of you. In fact, some women experience their first orgasm while having sex during their pregnancy. This can be attributed to engorgement of the genitals with more sensitive nerve endings and oxytocin, the hormone that maintains your pregnancy, which is known to spark the libido.
Myth #3 - Having sex will cause premature labor
There is no medical evidence that the act of having sex causes labor. However, stimulating your breasts can speed up the production of oxytocin which can cause contractions when you are near your due date. As your pregnancy progresses, you will discover that you will have all sorts of contractions without going into labor. However, your doctor or midwife may limit your sexual activity if your pregnancy is considered high risk or if you have a history of premature labor, early cervical dilation, placenta previa, premature rupture of the membranes or vaginal bleeding.
Myth #4 - Oral sex is a no-no
This is one of the biggest misconceptions about having sex during pregnancy. Standard oral sex will not harm you or your baby and many couples consider it a nice substitute if intercourse is deemed too risky or it's just too uncomfortable. Just make sure your partner avoids blowing air into your vagina, as blowing hard could cause an air embolism (obstruction of a blood vessel) which could potentially kill you and your baby.
Your pregnancy is a wonderful opportunity to have close and loving sexual experiences with your partner. Get creative - you both might just discover a side to yourselves that you didn't know existed before. Pregnancy is a time when many couples open doors and find new and exciting ways to be intimate with one another beyond just the act of having sex.
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What are the cases where sexual intercourse should be restricted during pregnancy?
Here are some cases when a doctor advises abstaining from sex:
- Having had a miscarriage in the first three months or premature birth
- There is cervical waist or cervical short
- Having twins or triplet pregnancy
- There are symptoms of pre-eclampsia like edema, high blood pressure
- Rupture of the amniotic sac
- Pregnant women or partners have sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, Herpes, etc.
- There are abnormal signs, such as vaginal bleeding, abdominal cramps, etc.
Does orgasm during sex cause premature birth?
Many people believe that orgasm during sex will cause uterine contractions and premature labor. However, this is not possible because these contractions are very mild, not enough to stimulate labor.
Should we use a condom?
Sexually transmitted diseases can adversely affect the fetus, such as amniotic fluid infection, fetal infection, premature birth, miscarriage, etc. Therefore, the use of condoms when having sex is essential in helping protect the mother and baby healthy.
How does pregnancy affect sex?
Hormonal changes during pregnancy significantly affect libido. Besides, the difference in body size also makes it difficult for couples to have familiar relationship positions. This change is usually different over time:
- The first three months of pregnancy: The process of pregnancy, tired body, and hormonal changes reduce libido and frequency. In this period, body size has not changed much.
- The third trimester of pregnancy: The blood flow to the genitals increases, the breasts grow, and vaginal fluid increases, so the libido usually increases during this period.
- The last three months of pregnancy: During this period, the belly has grown quite large, making it difficult to have sex. The husband and wife should choose the appropriate position to avoid affecting both mother and baby.
Is it possible to have oral sex during pregnancy?
Many couples wonder if pregnancy can have oral sex, and the answer is yes. But note the following:
- Do not blow air into a woman's genitals. Because air can penetrate the circulation of the pregnant woman leading to air embolism.
- Before having oral sex, make sure your husband is not infected with oral Herpes. Because herpes virus can penetrate and cause disease to pregnant women.
Because the size of the pregnant woman's body varies greatly, especially in the later months of pregnancy, the application of appropriate sex posture will help minimize the difficulties in sexual activity. Couples should sit together, share, encourage, and find the best solution to overcome this stage. If you have any questions about sex and pregnancy, do not hesitate to consult the specialist.