We call a baby “premature” if they are given birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Compared to term infants, premature baby is at higher risk of many diseases.
What is premature labor?
Premature labor is defined as frequent uterine contractions leading to changes in the cervix, which threaten to give birth prematurely before the fetus is 37 weeks old. Changes in the uterus during early labor include drainage (the cervix moves out) and dilation (the cervix opens to the embryo can enter the birth canal). In some cases, early labor may lead to the risk of premature birth.
What is Premature Birth?
Premature birth is the term describe when a baby is born too early. When a mother gives birth between 20 and 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is called premature birth. Pregnant women need to find out the reasons for threatening premature birth to get the best prevention.
Damage of premature Birth
Babies who were born prematurely may face particular risks because they may not be fully developed. The premature baby often has to face serious health problems such as cognitive deficiencies. And these problems can appear later when the baby go to preschool or even primary school.
The causes of premature labor
The following factors increase the risk of premature birth:
- Mother has a history of premature birth
- Having a short cervix is a cause of premature birth
- The interval between two pregnancies is too short
- Have had surgery on the uterus or cervix
- Some disorders during pregnancy, such as multiple pregnancies or vaginal bleeding.
- Lifestyle factors such as physical activity, low weight, malnutrition, frequent stress and substance abuse (smoking, drinking) during pregnancy
Premature birth prevention
If you have had a premature baby before, you need to have a prenatal care check to get the best health before you get pregnant. During pregnancy, you should start choosing yourself a prenatal maternity package as soon as possible.
Obstetricians will carefully control the risks and causes of premature labour that may occur during pregnancy, especially in high-risk mothers. Also, women are often provided with certain medications or follow a regimen to prevent preterm labour. The doctor considers preventive measures based on the individual’s condition and the risk factors for premature birth.
Signs of premature Birth
Please call the obstetrician or go to the hospital immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Change in vaginal (oozing fluid, mucus or blood)
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Increased pelvic or abdominal pressure
- Back pain in the low, constant area
- Mild cramps in the abdomen
- Abdominal cramps are like menstrual cramps, or pain accompanied by ongoing uterine contractions
- Rupture of amniotic membranes (see amniotic fluid appear and flush out, sometimes just a drop of liquid)
So, above is the information about premature birth. We know that no mother wants to face this situation. But you should know the necessary information so that in the worst case, you will know what to do.