At any stage of child development, oral hygiene and dental care are crucial. Let study dental care for below one-year-old kids.
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Right from giving birth, the mother should take care of the baby's oral cavity, especially after breastfeeding and before bedding. It is useful for teething, helping children get used to regular oral hygiene and dental care.
Dental care is very important for newborn babies because it will directly affect the oral health of the baby in the future, especially at birth, babies cannot take care of themselves, so mothers must know how to clean the tongue for the babies.
During your pregnancy, while you take extra care of your body by watching what you eat and drink, don't forget to take special care of your teeth and gums too. Your teeth and gums are affected by your pregnancy just like other parts of your body, and your oral health could affect the health of your unborn baby.
Approximately 50 percent of pregnant women experience a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. Frequent snacking, especially on sugary foods, can contribute to gingivitis, which can cause swelling, bleeding, redness, and tenderness of the gums. Since pregnant women often eat smaller meals more frequently without brushing after each snack, they may be bathing their teeth in plaque and bacteria. To prevent pregnancy gingivitis, make sure to brush your teeth after each meal and floss at least once a day.
If gingivitis is not treated, it can develop into periodontal disease, a more advanced gum infection that destroys the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. Periodontal disease has been linked with low birth weight babies and preterm labor. Oral bacteria contain prostaglandin, one of the hormones that are known to cause labor.
Pregnancy tumors are another oral condition faced by many pregnant women. The tumors often appear as red, raw, painless lumps on the gums during the second trimester. Although they are not cancerous, they may be an indication of a serious oral condition because they are believed to be caused by excess plaque. The tumors usually subside after the baby is born; but if they persist, they should be surgically removed.
If possible, you should have a complete dental exam, and have any necessary procedures performed, before becoming pregnant. And while you are pregnant, you should continue to visit your dentist for regular cleanings. However, elective dental treatments such as x-rays, whitening, and bonding, should be avoided, especially during the first trimester. Dental treatments in general are not recommended during the third trimester because the tilt of the dental chair may reduce blood circulation, and lying on your back for an extended period of time may be uncomfortable.
Always check with your obstetrician before undergoing any dental treatment, and let your dentist know you are pregnant as soon as possible. The following are some procedures and medications often used in dental care that you may encounter while pregnant, as well as information on their safety:
Unnecessary x-rays are discouraged for pregnant women. However, if you must have an x-ray while you are pregnant, rest assured that the risk to your unborn baby is considered minimal, since your uterus is shielded by a lead apron and the amount of radiation that scatters during the x-ray and passes through parts of your body not covered by the apron is negligible. So if you develop a dental condition that requires an x-ray and not having one poses a risk to your health, go ahead and have it.
According to the American Dental Association (ADA), there is no correlation between receiving amalgam fillings during pregnancy and low birth weight. This is a controversial topic and many people remain unconvinced that silver (mercury) amalgam fillings do not cause health problems. Unless not having a filling poses a risk to your health, wait until after you deliver to have one performed.
Tooth Extraction and Root Canals
A necessary tooth extraction or root canal during your pregnancy is safe. If you have one done, use a local anesthetic if possible.
Local anesthetics such as novocaine or lidocaine are better to use than intravenous or inhaled products. Avoid epinephrine, which is often added to local anesthetics to make them last longer. Women who are given epinephrine run a higher risk of some minor birth defects.
Avoid non-steroidal pain medications such as ibuprofen (Advil, Aleve) and aspirin while you are pregnant. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is considered to be safe through most of your pregnancy. Stronger pain medications such as codeine or Percodan may be used for less than a few weeks; however, the fetus may be less active while you're on the medication. Narcotics such as these are not recommended for long-term use.
If you have an infection, your dentist may prescribe an antibiotic. Unless you are allergic to them, antibiotics from the penicillin and cephalosporin families are safe to take. Erythromycin and metronidazole are also safe to take. However, tetracycline should be avoided since it can affect the teeth and bones of the fetus.
It is not known whether supplemental fluoride poses any risk to the fetus, and there is conflicting evidence whether taking fluoride supplements while pregnant will actually reduce the number of cavities your child develops later in life. The levels of fluoride found in city water supplies are probably safe for your baby and sufficient for preventing cavities.
The bottom line in dental care during your pregnancy is the healthier you are, the healthier your baby will be. Avoid unnecessary or cosmetic procedures, but don't avoid the dentist. If you have a dental problem, have it taken care of. Always make sure your dentist knows that you are pregnant, and check with your obstetrician if you are unsure about the safety of any procedures or medications.
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Tooth Structure in Newborns
When babies are 6-7 months old, the first baby teeth will grow. Each child has a different teething time, depending on the mental status of each child, some babies have teeth growth at the fourth-month birth, the other may 9-10 months later. It is a normal phenomenon that parents should not be too worried.
Usually, children have 20 baby teeth, which counts for 12 fewer teeth than adults. Children at one year old typically have 6-8 teeth, when two years old have 18-20 teeth.
Dental care for children
The first thing you need to do is wash your hands thoroughly and pour warm water into a small clean bowl. Make sure the water is not too hot, dip your hand in to check it. Then, wrap a cloth or washcloth around your index finger, submerging in warm water in a bowl.
Hold your baby with one hand, place your finger on his or her lower lip to encourage you to open the mouth. You can ask another person to hold the baby for more safety. When your baby opens the mouth, wipe the gums and tongue gently with a soft, damp cloth, because the milk, food, and bacteria often gather in these areas.
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If the white residue becomes "stubborn" does not go, take a toothpaste without flour, toothpaste for children put on a towel and rub gently on the gums, tongue surface of children with quick action. Use a damp washcloth not to swallow the toothpaste immediately.
After cleaning the tongue, move your finger around the baby's mouth and gently massage the teeth and gums. If the white residue on the baby's tongue cannot be cleaned, consult a dentist.
Under one year old can grow from 2-8 teeth. During this period, children may be uncomfortable when teething so moms should prepare soft, safe toys to chew and massage gums with a soft towel.
Mothers should use a small, round, and soft-bristled toothbrush and toothpaste suitable for their age and contain low levels of flour, no foam. Just taking a pea-sized amount of ice cream is enough.
The dental care should be done at least once a day after feeding and before going to bed. Comment below your experience to us if you try the method above.