Iron is one of the main minerals that need special attention during pregnancy. If you don’t provide enough iron, your baby and your health will be severely affected.
What is iron?
Iron is a common element in nature, essential in an electronic exchange. It is a factor that controls the synthesis of DNA. Effective processes allow living organisms to transport and store this insoluble but highly active element.
The importance of Dietary Iron during pregnancy
During pregnancy, the mother’s blood volume increases by 50%. Iron is needed to make hemoglobin, which is an essential component of blood. Hemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body of the mother and fetus. Iron is present in almost all foods, especially animal foods. But this iron is not always well absorbed, so mothers often do not get enough iron during pregnancy.
Therefore, the maternity care program has supplemented with iron and folic acid medicines as well as instructed pregnant women on a diet that is rich in iron, balanced and nutritious.
To avoid the side effects of iron, you should drink 1-2 hours after meals. And to help your body absorb iron better, you should increase eating rich -Vitamin C food. Do not drink iron with tea, coffee because the tannin in tea, coffee will reduce iron absorption.
Iron also helps protect the body from infections because iron is also part of an enzyme in the immune system. It helps convert Betacaroten into Vitamin A and create collagen.
Women first discovered pregnant should take immediately iron tablets, drink extended to after one month of birth. Dose: elemental iron 60mg with folic acid 400 mcg/ day. Also should use iron-fortified foods, folic acid for pregnant women.
What happens if you provide less and more iron than needed?
A typical consequence of iron deficiency is the high risk of lead absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, causing the leading position to the body. The main object of iron deficiency is most common in women, especially in pregnant women and children.
And iron overload in the body also causes iron accumulation in tissues such as heart, liver, endocrine glands and can lead to severe disorders of these organs’ functions.
Iron overload or hemochromatosis is a disorder caused by the excessive absorption of iron from the food you consume, resulting in an extreme concentration of iron in the blood. It can cause serious health problems when your body does not have these to eliminate excess iron. Excess iron will accumulate in the liver, heart, pancreas and joints.
What should mother eat to providing iron to your body?
Chicken Eggs are nutritious food such as protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, minerals that are beneficial for your body and your baby. Mainly, most of the nutrients in chicken eggs are in the yolk. Also, egg yolks have both water-soluble vitamins and oil-soluble vitamins.
Dried nuts like almonds, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, flaxseed are good sources of iron for your body. You should eat these nuts instead of junk food daily.
Pumpkin is a high- nutritional value food for your health. And the vitamin C volume in young pumpkins is more than in ripe pumpkin. However, in ripe pumpkin, the amount of calcium, iron, carotene is higher than in young pumpkins.
Broccoli is a dark green leafy vegetable that is most popular during pregnancy thanks to its high nutrition value. It is a vibrant source of iron, protein, calcium, chromium, vitamin A and C.