Currently, there are many methods to support fertility treatment. Let's learn about the types of artificial insemination in the following article!
What is artificial insemination?
Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment method to help infertile couples have children. In this method, the doctor injects sperm directly into the woman's "womb" to increase the likelihood of successful conception.
The mucus that surrounds the cervix may prevent sperm from swimming into the uterus or fallopian tubes. Thanks to artificial insemination, sperm can penetrate the womb completely. Therefore, artificial insemination is also known as intrauterine insemination (IUI). Watch this video.
The most common reason that couples choose artificial insemination is intimately related to the husband's sperm quality. Low sperm count and poor sperm motility are common reasons. Another reason is that the husband has an ejaculation disorder, or the wife's spouse is infertile with no known cause.
There are different types of artificial insemination, which will be illustrated in the next section.
Types of artificial insemination
Artificial insemination at the time of ovulation to increase the likelihood of conception
To optimize the likelihood of success, artificial insemination will be performed soon after ovulation. Most women ovulate after 12-16 days after the first day of their last period. This number may vary in women who have irregular menstrual periods.
You can also use the ovulation predictor kit (OPK) to calculate an accurate date of ovulation. OPK can measure the amount of hormone released in urine or saliva when you reach the time of ovulation.
The doctor may use ovulation stimulants to help speed up the waiting time. In many cases, the doctor will use a vaginal transducer ultrasound to track egg growth. As soon as the eggs mature, you will be given a hormone to stimulate ovulation.
Artificial insemination using the sperm of the husband
The husband will be required to provide semen at the hospital clinic by masturbating. The semen sample is then screened with special equipment to remove all weak or dead sperm. This process is to select the most healthy sperm to increase the chances of conception.
The technician will use a medical device called a speculum to open your vagina, then place a small, flexible catheter called a catheter into the vagina. Catheter placement creates a pathway into the uterus and maximizes the number of sperm cells that are placed in the womb. This process is usually less painful, but some people will feel a little cramping. The sperm is then pumped through a catheter into the uterus.
Taking donated sperm to artificial insemination
If the husband's sperm is not healthy or a single person who wants to have children, they can still use donated sperm. The sperm donor can be friends/relatives or purchasing from a sperm bank.
All donated sperm samples will be tested for any infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and other genetic disorders. The sperm bank will provide information about the physiological characteristics of the donor, such as race, hair color, eye color, etc. It will help couples choose the donor with the traits they want.
With the advancement of the medical system, it is possible to give birth to a baby by many types of artificial insemination. However, due to ethical reasons, it is not allowed in many countries.
Hopefully, with the above information, you will have more useful knowledge about the process of artificial insemination.