Are you anemia during pregnancy? It makes you and your baby uncomfortable? Check out our article, we will answer all your questions!
During pregnancy, you will probably encounter a few obstacles. Anemia is also an unavoidable thing at this stage. Let’s find out about it:
Iron is a necessary nutrient for a healthy body, especially when you are pregnant; yet 20 percent of pregnant women don't get enough iron, which can lead to a low red blood cell count, or anemia. Before you became pregnant, you needed 15 milligrams of iron a day; but now your daily requirement has doubled to 30.
During your pregnancy, you have twice as much blood flowing through your body to support your growing baby, and you need extra iron to make more hemoglobin for all that new blood. Hemoglobin is the protein in your blood that carries precious oxygen to your body's tissues and growing baby.
If you become anemic during pregnancy, you may become excessively fatigued; have a tendency to get stressed and sick; or develop a pale complexion, shortness of breath, fast or irregular heartbeats, weakness, dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting spells. If your anemia is very severe, your baby's growth may slow and you may be at risk for premature delivery. And if you are anemic when you deliver, it may be difficult for you to recover from the loss of blood, an infection, or other possible complications of delivery.
You may also become anemic if you have a folic acid or vitamin B deficiency, lose a lot of blood from an injury or surgical procedure, or if you have a chronic illness such as kidney disease.
Your caregiver probably tested you for anemia at your first prenatal appointment and will continue to test you at every appointment thereafter. He or she will probably recommend you take a prenatal vitamin that contains iron as a preventative measure against anemia, and if you develop anemia sometime during your pregnancy, it will probably be treated with an iron supplement. Taking an iron supplement may make your morning sickness worse and can cause constipation, so try to drink more fluids and take the supplement at night before going to bed to minimize your discomfort. Do not take an iron supplement with milk as it can prevent the absorption of iron.
To prevent anemia, eat foods that are high in iron, such as red meat, dried beans, leafy green vegetables, dried fruits, and fortified breads, pastas, and cereals. In addition, be sure to get plenty of vitamin C (which aids iron absorption), vitamin B, and folic acid.
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Condition of Anemia
The condition of anemia is when you lack hemoglobin or healthy red blood cells. The main part of red blood cells is hemoglobin. It helps red blood cells bring oxygen to the cells of the body. If your hemoglobin has a problem, or if you lack red blood cells, your cells get enough oxygen. Then you will feel tired, or headaches, dizziness.
Anemia is a common condition. Some subjects have a high likelihood of anemia:
- Women who are pregnant and during menstruation, they lose blood during the period leading to iron deficiency and need to have higher blood supply during pregnancy
- Anemia in babies can be transmitted from your genes, they get sick from birth
- Those who often donate blood, the elderly because they eat not enough iron or some vitamins
Anemia has many types and causes. Since then the treatment method is not the same. For example, mild anemia in pregnancy is not a big problem. But some more serious types of anemia can lead to late health problems.
The initial signs are so mild that you may not realize. But if the symptoms are more severe, the disease gets worse. Include:
- Skin yellow or that’s pale
- Weakness or tiredness
- Pain in your bones, joints, and belly
- Limit growth to children and teens
Types of Common Anemia
Pregnancy and anemia: symptoms and risk of anemia during pregnancy.
Aplastic anemia is when the bone marrow stops creating blood cells (white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets). You may have aplastic anemia caused because damaged bone marrow by infection, medications, radiation, or chemotherapy.
Iron-deficiency anemia: It happens when the iron in your body is not enough. Iron deficiency is primarily due to blood loss but may also be iron absorption is not good. Pregnant women need more iron than usual and therefore lead to anemia in pregnancy.
Vitamin deficiency can also lead to anemia. Due to poor diet or low vitamin B12 concentration.
Sickle cell anemia: This is when your red blood cells have a crescent shape because of a problem in the genes. Your organs don’t get to oxygen because they break down quickly, causing anemia. Sickle cells can be an obstruction and cannot pass through small blood vessels.
Anemia due to other diseases: For example, some people with kidney disease will develop anemia as the disease progresses. Prolonged diseases such as diabetes, cancer, old age also lead to anemia.
Types of Anemia Treatment
Depending on your type of anemia, there are different treatments available:
- You might blood transfusions, take medicine if you have aplastic anemia
- You need to change your diet to add more nutrition and take more iron if you have iron-deficiency anemia
- Sickle cell anemia can be treated with antibiotics and folic acid or painkillers
In short, thank you so much for reading the whole post. Hopefully, after reading this article you have learned more about anemia, especially anemia in pregnancy. See your doctor if you feel you are at risk for anemia for timely and appropriate treatment. Wish you always healthy!
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