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How to Give Fertility Drug Injections

  • Prepare the injection site

    The place on your body where you choose to give yourself the injection will depend on the type of shot it is. Drug companies are working to make more and more fertility drugs injectable subcutaneously (under the skin), as opposed to intramuscularly (into the muscle). Subcutaneous injections are given with a shorter needle and by placing the medication in the tissue just beneath your skin, either through your abdomen or the top of your thigh. Lupron, Gonal-F and Pergonal are a few fertility injections that are usually given subcutaneously. Intramuscular injections require the use of a longer needle that places medicine deep in your muscle tissue and is usually given in your mid-thigh or your hip, just above the buttocks. Fertility drugs that are injected intramuscularly include Novarel, Pregnyl and Progesterone.

    Once you have decided where to give yourself the injection, clean the entire area (about 2 inches in diameter) with an alcohol swab. Allow your skin to air dry.

  • Administer the injection

    For subcutaneous injections - Remove the cap of the needle and hold the syringe firmly in your dominant hand (your right hand if you are right-handed) with your thumb on the plunger. Use your other hand to pinch the skin around the injection site. Hold the syringe at a 90 degree angle to your body and insert the needle quickly. The entire needle should go into your skin. Let go of the pinched skin and steadily push the plunger down until all the medication is injected. Gently remove the needle and apply pressure to the skin with a piece of gauze. If it bleeds, you may cover the injection site with an adhesive bandage. Dispose of the needle and syringe in a safely sealed container.

    For intramuscular injections - Try to rest most of your weight on one foot to help relax the muscle in which you will be inserting the needle. Remove the cap of the needle and hold the syringe firmly in your dominant hand with your thumb on the plunger. Use your other hand to stretch the skin around the injection site. This will help the needle go in easier. Hold the syringe at a 90 degree angle and insert the needle in a quick, smooth motion. Before injecting the medicine, pull back slightly on the plunger. If you see blood, you may have hit a blood vessel. In this case, you should remove and dispose of the needle, and start over with a sterile one. If there is no blood, the needle is in it's proper place. Slowly depress the plunger until all the medication is injected. Pull the syringe out in one straight motion. If there is any bleeding, place an adhesive bandage over the injection site. Dispose of the needle and syringe in a safely sealed container.

    Subcutaneous injections are much easier to administer to yourself than intramuscular injections. If you are having trouble with either type, ask your partner to give it to you. With a little practice, you'll both become experts.

    Giving yourself fertility drug injections can be quite a nerve-racking experience, but there is very little risk of harming yourself by doing so. Once you've done it a few times, giving yourself injections will seem like second nature. Practice makes perfect!

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