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Fertility Dictionary



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multiple gestation - the conception of two or more fetuses in the same woman at the same time, whether or not they result in live births

myomectomy - the surgical removal of non-cancerous fibroid tumors from the wall of the uterus.

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nulliparous - never having given birth to a child

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OB/GYN - see gynecologist

oligo-ovulation - irregular ovulation

oligomenorrhea - infrequent menstrual periods

oligospermia - a condition in which the number of sperm in a semen sample is abnormally low

oocyte - the egg cell produced in the ovaries; also called the ovum or gamete

oocyte donation - the process in which eggs, removed from the ovaries of one woman, are donated for use by another

oocyte retrieval - a surgical procedure, usually under sedation, to collect the eggs contained within the ovarian follicles

ovarian cyst - a fluid-filled sac inside the ovary; may be found in conjunction with ovulation disorders, tumors of the ovary and endometriosis

ovarian failure - the failure of the ovary to respond to FSH stimulation from the pituitary because of damage to or malformation of the ovary

ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) - a possible side effect of medically induced ovulation, characterized by swollen, painful ovaries and, in some cases, the accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and chest

ovary - one of a pair of female gonads, which make eggs and estrogen

ovulation - the release of a mature egg from a follicle at the surface of an ovary

ovulation calendar/chart - any method of ovulation tracking which plots a woman's cycle with the objective of finding her most fertile days to increase the chance of getting pregnant or to avoid pregnancy; parameters for plotting include temperature, cervical mucus thickness and cervical position

ovulation dysfunction - a problem existing in the ovaries where either something is abnormal in the process of developing the follicle or the egg is not released from the follicle

ovulation induction - medication to stimulate egg development and release

ovulation test - any method which can detect ovulation

ovum - the egg; the reproductive cell from the ovary; the female gamete; the sex cell that contains the woman's genetic information

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