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Fertility Dictionary

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genetic birth defect - a birth defect caused by genetic factors

gestation - the period of fetal development in the uterus from conception to birth, usually 40 weeks in humans

gestational carrier - a woman who carries the pregnancy to term but is not the genetic parent of the baby; also called a surrogate

gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) - a hormone produced by the hypothalamus that controls the synthesis and release of the pituitary hormones FSH and LH

gonads - the glands that make reproductive cells and sex hormones; testicles in men, ovaries in women

gonadotropin - a hormone that can stimulate the testicles to produce sperm or the ovaries to produce an egg

gynecologist - a doctor who specializes in the diseases and routine physical care of the reproductive system of women

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hormone - a chemical substance produced by one organ in the body that regulates the activity of another organ

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) - a hormone secreted by the placenta that preserves pregnancy by prolonging the life of the corpus luteum and stimulating progesterone production

human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) - a natural product extracted from the urine of postmenopausal women containing both human FSH and LH used to treat both male and female infertility and to stimulate the development of multiple eggs

hydrocele - a fluid-filled swelling in the scrotum

hysterectomy - the removal of the uterus; a partial hysterectomy removes the uterus, a total hysterectomy removes the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes

hysterosalpingogram (HSG) - an x-ray procedure used to determine whether the fallopian tubes are open and capable of functioning properly; can also reveal the configuration of the uterus, irregularities, and the presence of fibroids

hysteroscopy - a surgical procedure in which a telescope-like device is inserted through the cervix to view the inside of the uterus; sometimes performed in conjunction with a laparoscopy

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idiopathic infertility - the term used when no reason can be found to explain the cause of a couple's infertility

implantation - the embedding of the fertilized egg in the lining of the uterus

infertility - the inability of a couple to achieve a pregnancy after one year of regular unprotected sexual relations, or the inability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to live birth

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Cord Blood Registry
March of Dimes
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