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When Men Are Infertile - Donor Sperm

Legal Issues

In general, donors do not have any parental rights or responsibilities to any children born using their sperm. Most states have laws that address sperm donors, but the guidelines vary. California law, for example, states that a man who provides his semen to a licensed sperm bank for the purpose of inseminating a woman who is not his wife, is not seen as a natural father to any subsequent offspring. Thereby the parental rights of the sperm recipient are protected, and the donor is protected from having parental responsibility.

Your identity will never be revealed to your sperm donor, and it is unlikely that your donor's identity will be revealed to you. Some sperm banks ask that donors agree to have their identifying information given to the child once he or she reaches the age of 18. The donor is asked to agree to a one-time meeting with the child, if requested, after which no further contact is required. If your donor is someone you know personally, an attorney will draft an agreement giving you and your partner full custody and relinquishing any parental rights from the donor.

Success Rates

Donor insemination success rates vary depending on factors such as your age, your method of insemination and whether you have any fertility issues that may affect your ability to conceive. Women under the age of 35 with no history of fertility problems have the best chance of becoming pregnant with donor sperm. As long as there are no female-related infertility factors, 60 to 70 percent of women will achieve pregnancy after six to nine months of insemination treatments.


On average, donated sperm can cost anywhere from $125 to $250 per sample, which does not include the cost of the insemination process or any other fertility medications you may require. An average insemination in the United States costs between $300 and $700 per cycle, depending on the fertility clinic and the type of sperm you use.

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Featured Sites:

Cord Blood Registry
March of Dimes
Susan G. Komen

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